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    • 4 - H

Evacuation Plan for Fire and Flood
National Animal Identification Program



  Developed by Fran Etzkorn, retired fire chief for High Country volunteer fire department in Gilpin County and Jerry Dunn, former High Country fire captain.

  Do you have a plan that you have shared with your family and neighbors to evacuate your loved ones and animals in case of a disaster? Following are guidelines for such a plan.



·       Decide which animals are to be evacuated first. You may only get one chance! Remember the family house pets.

·       Make arrangements for housing for your animals before a disaster.

·       Family pets need I.D. collars and should be transported in travel crates with leashes. Crate them before the confusion starts.

·       Always back your vehicle into your driveway facing the exit, in front of your trailer if possible.

·       Practice hitching your trailer. Check brakes and air in tires on a regular basis.

·       Determine a safe staging area with extra stall panels.

·       Practice backing your trailer into the loading area.

·       Train all of your animals to lead and load into a trailer.

·       Provide barnyard lighting with a back up in case the power goes off.

·       Mark driving lanes for the rescuers with construction cones.

·       Mark pick up point and/or the driveway with long streamers of surveyors tape.

·       Provide orange vests with ANIMAL RESCUE printed on them with black magic marker. This reduces confusion if the fire company is there at the same time.            

·       Organize halters and lead ropes on a peg board in barn hallway.

·       Print up a list of all of your animals and make copies. Photograph your herd and keep it with your master list . Organize your herd into groups (geldings, studs, moms and babies). Who should go first?

·       Make plans for your animals if it is too late to transport them to a safe area.

·       Get to know your volunteer fire department. Attend work parties and give them a copy of your evacuation plan. Ask for suggestions.

·       Involve another reliable person, neighbor or close friend, in your plan. With one phone call that person can set your plan into action.

·       Develop a phone tree of people who hopefully will not be involved in their own rescue. Provide a highlighted map to your place with the entry and exit plan. Make copies for all rescuers. Keep it simple and safe.

·       Make a list of how many animals each rescuer can transport and safely house.

·       Give each rescuer your vets name and telephone number.

·       Keep a copy of all of the information on a clip board with extra pens and pencils, tape, orange vests, and a flash light in a place where your number one helper can find it. This list is to document “who went where” for later verification. You might not be home. One person needs to be in charge of the list on the clip board as the rescue begins.

·       Carefully review your plan with all of the helpers.


The volunteers need to be clear about their responsibilities. Encourage them to practice backing their vehicle and trailer. Suggest that they have a special back pack in their vehicle which includes the following:

·       Drinking water

·       Emergency food and snacks.

·       Flashlights and/or head lamps.

·       Sturdy foot wear.

·       Hat leather gloves, warm coat, rain gear, bandanna

·       Shovel

·       Extra lead ropes, stake lines, halters

·       Surveyors tape.

·       First aid kit


·       All markers in place

·       Take a deep breath and stay calm!

·       Begin catching and sorting animals.

·       Clip board person puts on vest and begins the list with the first rescuer.

·       When the last of the animals are loaded--get out of there!



You also need to plan what will be taken or moved from your home?

  • Driver's Licences /  Birth Certificates /  Passports  /  Insurance Papers  / Bank Documents / Tax records 

  • Special Medications / spare glasses / hearing aids

  • Computer / CDs and or floppys

  • Family pictures / Keepsakes / Jewelry / other Valuables

It might be wise to keep all of these things in one or two locations so they can be easily collected and stowed in your vehicle, quickly.

    Return to the Top      

National Animal Identification Program

Camelid Working Group

For Immediate Release

Sept. 5, 2006

Contact: Sheila Fugina 715-246-5837

Camelid ID Working Group Gives Updated Status Report to USDA, Asks for Universal Microchip Scanner

The Camelid ID Working Group (CWG) has sent an updated status report to the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) Subcommittee of the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Foreign Animal and Poultry Diseases. A previous report was sent to the NAIS subcommittee in September of 2004.

The CWG reported the following accomplishments:

*Established a web site devoted to providing information to and communication with the camelid industry (the CWG is the only species working group to have a stand-alone web site).

*Conducted an online survey regarding industry preferences for specific methods and locations of permanent camelid identification and for management and financing of an animal tracking database.

*Issued frequent press releases to keep the camelid industry updated on NAIS developments.

*Voted to approve the first ID recommendation in July 2006 and submitted it to industry members for comment. The first recommendation submitted to the USDA is: "For participation in the NAIS, we recommend the implanted microchip as the preferred method for identification of camelids."

*Formed several new subcommittees to address:

--details of the method of ID (microchips)

--movement tracking within the industry and how that can most efficiently be handled

--review diseases of concern (e.g. USDA program diseases) that occur in camelids

The status report also included updated llama and alpaca population statistics, including growth of the industry since 1985 and the current level of microchipping by camelid owners. A list of concerns that have been voiced to the CWG by camelid owners was also included, such as:

How will confidentiality of owners' information be assured?

Will the NAIS place undue financial burden on owners?

Will the NAIS have a negative impact on show attendance?

Will the NAIS negatively impact the rate of growth of the camelid industry?

The full text of the status report is available on the CWG web site under 'Status Reports':


The CWG also submitted a comment to USDA/APHIS docket 2006-0012 (Animal Welfare—Animal Identification Standards). This docket sought input on the need for a true universal microchip scanner for use in the U.S. Currently not all scanners can read all manufacturers' microchips. Although USDA has very limited regulatory authority in this area, they were asked by a Congressional conference committee to develop regulations that would allow the widespread distribution of a scanner that can read (not just detect) microchips of all frequencies, encrypted and open. The response submitted by the CWG reviews the prevalence of microchip use in U.S. camelids and briefly summarizes the findings of the March online survey. The comment states in part:

"Camelids are included in the National Animal Identification System (NAIS), and the Camelid ID Working Group has recommended implanted microchips as the preferred method of permanent ID for camelids. Before any move to mandate the use of ISO microchips, a true universal scanner base must be pre-installed in the U.S. at markets, exhibition sites, veterinary clinics, and such scanners must be readily available for purchase by owners."

The full text of the docket comment is available on the CWG web site under 'Federal Register Docket Comments': http://www.camelidid.org/docket_comments/index.html

The CWG will continue to develop recommendations for a camelid ID plan, and all recommendations approved by the CWG will be announced and circulated within the camelid community for comment prior to being finalized for submission to USDA.

Please submit your comments and questions to any of the following CWG members:

Teri Nilson Baird at teri@brokenwindmill.com

Karen Conyngham at 72040.3361@compuserve.com

Sheila Fugina at bsfugina@pressenter.com

Dr. Julie Ann Jarvinen at jarvinen@iastate.edu

Marsharee Wilcox at mwilcox@travelers.com




Camelid Working Group

For Immediate Release


In a continuing effort to keep the llama and alpaca community informed on development of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS)for camelids, the Camelid Working Group (CWG) has established a new web site.

The purpose of the new web site is to increase NAIS awareness among llama and alpaca owners, keep owners updated on CWG activities, provide the opportunity to give input on developing the camelid ID plan, and help owners make the transition to meeting the anticipated coming laws.

The CWG web site contains all of the CWG press releases to date, a section on frequently asked questions, background articles on animal ID, Federal Register Docket comments, and a list of CWG members and their contact information. You may access the web site at www.camelidid.org

David E Anderson, DVM, MS
College of Veterinary Medicine
The Ohio State University






Camelid Working Group News Release

Questions Answered on Current and Future Microchipping of Camelids

Comments from several llama and alpaca owners concerning how
microchips currently in use in camelids will fit into the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) provided additional impetus to a previously scheduled teleconference between several members of the Camelid Working
Group (CWG) and Dr. John Wiemers, USDA's liaison to the CWG. A summary of the June 1 discussion with Dr. Wiemers follows each question.

Can the microchips currently in common use in camelids, i.e. the 9, 10 or 12-character, 125- and 128-kHz microchips, be grandfathered in as a means of official identification in the NAIS for the lifetime of the animal?
Yes, if these microchips are currently implanted in a registered camelid, they can be grandfathered in for the remaining lifetime of the animal, and implantation with a second 134.2- kHz microchip will not be necessary. Several conditions, however, will apply to grandfathering in these microchips. For example, the owner will be responsible for ensuring that the microchip is functional and for providing a scanner capable of reading the microchip if the animal is transported interstate. Whether or not these microchips could be grandfathered in for unregistered camelids has yet to be determined.

Neither the 125- or 128-kHz microchips have the requisite 15-digits with the USA country code, so how could they be used for official identification? A breed registration number is currently one of several forms of official identification approved for participation in government programs and interstate movement of livestock. For the NAIS, the grandfathered microchips would be considered a supplemental form of identification secondary to the breed registration number. (It is important to note that permanent identification of animals will eventually be required by each state for intrastate transport of livestock as well.) Here is how the 125- or 128-kHz microchips would be used as official identification in the NAIS: the animal must be registered, the microchip number must be on the registration certificate, a copy of the certificate listing the microchip number must accompany the animal during interstate transportation, the microchip in the animal must be functional and match the microchip number on the registration certificate, and a reader capable of reading the microchip must be available during transportation. For NAIS tracking purposes, the NAIS database would record the breed registry number as the primary form of identification and the microchip number as an alternate method.

Why might grandfathering of the 125- or 128-kHz microchips be limited to registered camelids?
The breed registration number is the official means of identification that links the microchip number to a specific animal. A 125- or 128-kHz microchip is not recognized as official identification, so without a registration number, unregistered animals have no form of official identification. The CWG needs to determine if there is a way the microchips in unregistered animals could also be grandfathered in, perhaps, for example, by listing them in the International Lama Registry database.

If an animal doesn't currently have a 125- or 128-kHz microchip and the owner implants one in the future, will they be grandfathered in also?
Ongoing use of 125- or 128-kHz microchips is problematic, and there is no clear answer to the question. If the microchips were implanted recently, or will be in the near future, they will likely be grandfathered in.

Can camelid owners continue to use 125-kHz microchips indefinitely?
As it stands now, it does not appear that owners can continue to implant 125- or 128-kHz microchips in camelids indefinitely and have them grandfathered in for use in the NAIS. When participation in the NAIS becomes mandatory, which is expected to be in 2008 or 2009, it appears that only 15-digit 134.2-kHz microchips will be acceptable. The CWG will need to develop a timeline for phasing out the use of 125- and 128-kHz microchips as new implants while making the transition to 134.2-kHz microchips. The timeline described in the NAIS Strategic Plan draft indicates "840 numbers" (USA country code) will be initiated in August 2005. USDA is on target for release of official animal identification numbers (AIN) in late summer 2005, and 15-digit 134.2 kHz microchips bearing official AIN should be available shortly thereafter.

Note: Only those animals leaving the farm or ranch to enter commerce (e.g. travel to another state, move to another farm for breeding or because they were sold, attend a show, etc.) will need to be microchipped; animals that stay on your farm will not require permanent identification.

The CWG will continue to keep the llama and alpaca community informed on development of the NAIS for camelids. Up-to-date information on the NAIS, including the recently released drafts of the NAIS Strategic Plan and Program Standards, is available at the USDA web site http://www.usda.gov/nais. The camelid ID plan is still under development by the CWG. Please submit your comments or questions to the following CWG members.

Teri Nilson Baird at teri@brokenwindmill.com
Karen Conyngham at 72040.3361@compuserve.com
Sheila Fugina at bsfugina@pressenter.com
Dr. Julie Jarvinen at jarvinen@iastate.edu
Marsharee Wilcox at mwilcox@stpaultravelers.com or evllamas@bellatlantic.net


5-27-05 NAIS Animal Identification

Camelid Working Group News Release

USDA to Roll Out Official NAIS Animal Identification Numbers Later in 2005

Before the end of 2005, livestock producers should be able to obtain animal identification devices bearing official USDA animal identification numbers (AIN) for use in the National Animal Identification System (NAIS).
An interim USDA rule issued Nov. 8, 2004, recognized new numbering standards for use in official government animal health programs including the NAIS. Adoption of standards for AIN, as well as premises identification numbers (PIN), is essential for communication among the federal, state and industry databases needed to implement the NAIS.

Consistent with standards 11784 and 3166, set by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), animal identification numbers (AIN) will have 15 digits with 840 (USA country code) as the first three. Together with the country code, the remaining 12 digits will uniquely identify individual animals worldwide. Once assigned, this ID number will remain with the animal for its lifetime. For camelids, the PIN and AIN are separate and independent numbers that will be connected with one another only on paper or electronically through NAIS databases.

USDA hopes to make AIN numbers available by late summer 2005 so USDA-approved manufacturers can begin production of ID devices using the official numbering standards. After USDA approves manufacturing of ID devices with official AIN numbers, the ID devices will be made available to producers through USDA-approved Managers/Distributors. The NAIS Draft Program Standards released by USDA May 5, 2005, indicates an official 15-digit AIN beginning with 840 will eventually be required and over time will become the sole national numbering system used when unique individual animal identification is required.

Producers will not be able to purchase official ID devices without first obtaining a seven-digit premises identification number (PIN) obtained from their state agriculture department. Before distributing ID devices to producers, AIN Managers/Distributors will be required to verify the producer's PIN with the USDA. Camelid owners should note that only locations where livestock are held or managed will need a PIN. Owners who board all of their camelids and have no livestock on their premises do not need to register their premises, but the facility boarding their animals must do so. The boarding facility would use their own PIN to obtain official devices on behalf of their clients and would be responsible for applying the devices to animals on their premises. Consult your state agriculture department if you are uncertain whether or not you need to register your premises.

Most implantable microchips currently used in camelids in the US do not have the requisite number of digits (standardized data elements) and are not ISO11784 compliant. They also do not include the US country code. The Camelid Working Group (CWG) is charged with helping develop the NAIS for camelids and has not yet submitted official recommendations to USDA regarding ID for use in camelids. Although the CWG will request recognition
of currently used non-compliant microchips for identification in camelids that already have implanted microchips, USDA acceptance of these chips is not guaranteed.

Unless needed immediately for other purposes (such as certain state entry requirements or AOBA show rules), it would be prudent for camelid owners to consider delaying the purchase of any ID device until those bearing the official AIN numbers become available later this year.

The CWG will continue to keep you informed on development of the NAIS for camelids. Up-to-date information on the NAIS, including the recently released drafts of the NAIS Strategic Plan and Program Standards, is available at the USDA web site http://www.usda.gov/nais. The camelid ID plan is still under development by the CWG, but input from the llama and alpaca community is needed so a plan can be developed that meets the needs of the camelid industry while satisfying USDA requirements. Please submit your comments or questions to the following CWG members.

Teri Nilson Baird at teri@brokenwindmill.com
Karen Conyngham at 72040.3361@compuserve.com
Sheila Fugina at bsfugina@pressenter.com
Dr. Julie Jarvinen at jarvinen@iastate.edu
Marsharee Wilcox at m.wilcox@stpaultravelers.com or


5-5-05 USDA National Animal Identification Program

Camelid Working Group News Release
For Immediate Release

Two States Set Premises Registration Deadlines; USDA Launches ID System Web

Both Wisconsin and Indiana have set deadlines for registering livestock premises as part of the National Animal Identification System (NAIS). Wisconsin, the first state to mandate premises registration, has set a Nov. 1, 2005, deadline, though they have proposed a "compliance window" after that date with certain groups being phased in. See their web site for details:

In Indiana beginning Sept. 1, 2006, premises registration will be required for "each person that buys, sells or exhibits livestock".
Individuals must obtain a premises ID number for each of their Indiana premises. Certain species, including camelids are exempt from this deadline, though they may register voluntarily. See their web site for details: http://www.in.gov/boah/

Currently, premises registration is underway in 46 states with registration systems expected to be fully operational in all 50 states by the end of 2005. Premises registration is voluntary in most states, but camelid owners should check with their state agriculture department for details. Contact information for each state is available on the USDA NAIS web site http://www.usda.gov/nais.

Members of the Camelid Working Group (CWG), representing most segments of the llama and alpaca community, are working with USDA to develop the camelid portion of the NAIS. The CWG is seeking input from the llama and alpaca community regarding a sensible ID system for camelids. Please contact any of the following members if you would like to ask questions or provide comments to the CWG.

Karen Conyngham at 72040.3361@compuserve.com
Dr. Julie Jarvinen at jarvinen@iastate.edu
Sheila Fugina at bsfugina@pressenter.com
Marsharee Wilcox at m.wilcox@stpaultravelers.com or

Following is the USDA Press Release

USDA Launches Web Site Focusing on the National Animal Identification System

WASHINGTON-The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has announced the launch of a new Web site to inform about the national animal identification system (NAIS). The Web site, available at http://www.usda.gov/nais, is designed to be a one-stop resource to facts about NAIS.

"We hope our stakeholders will visit the site frequently to find out the latest news about the NAIS from a national perspective," said APHIS Administrator W. Ron DeHaven. "It will be updated regularly as new information becomes available."

In addition to providing national news, the site provides contact information for state and tribal animal health authorities. The states and tribes are responsible for providing each premises under their purview with a nationally unique identification number-the starting point of the NAIS. All states should be able to assign nationally unique premises identification numbers to locations where animals are managed or held by mid-2005.

Over time, APHIS plans to add to the new Web site resources targeted to specific species and industry segment groups. Currently, NAIS working groups comprised of industry and government representatives have been established for cattle and bison, sheep, swine, poultry, horses, llamas and alpacas, deer and elk, and livestock markets and processors.

In implementing the NAIS, USDA's goal is to provide animal health officials the ability to identify all animals and premises that have had contact with a foreign or domestic animal disease of concern within 48 hours after discovery. As an information system that provides for rapid tracing of infected and exposed animals during an outbreak situation, the NAIS will help limit the scope of such outbreaks and ensure that they are contained and eradicated as quickly as possible.

With the recent passage of the Fiscal Year 2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act, APHIS will receive approximately $33 million for NAIS implementation. USDA also transferred $18.8 million from its Commodity Credit Corporation to APHIS during fiscal year 2004 to support the NAIS.


USDA National Animal Identification Program

Nov. 5, 2004 Press Release
Andrea NcNally (202) 690-4178
Jerry Redding (202) 720-6959


WASHINGTON, Nov. 5, 2004 - The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service today announced that a public meeting for National Animal Identification System (NAIS) stakeholders, particularly
those that manufacture or distribute animal identification devices and technologies, will be held Nov. 19, in Kansas City, Mo.

The meeting will provide an opportunity for these stakeholders to offer comments on the administration of animal identification numbers (AINs) under the NAIS. The meeting will focus on anticipated roles and requirements for individuals, organizations and companies that would like to become authorized animal identification number managers or distributors. APHIS anticipates that official AIN management and distribution options will be implemented by mid-2005.

The meeting will be held from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., Nov. 19, at the Kansas City Airport Marriott, 775 Brasilia Ave., Kansas City, Mo. For more information, contact Neil Hammerschmidt, National Center for Animal Health Programs at (301) 734-5571.

Notice of the meeting is scheduled for publication Nov. 8 Federal Register.


~ ~ ~ ~ ~


Below please find a request for comments regarding the national ID system. This is your opportunity to make your concerns regarding the permanent identification system that the government will institue. Since alpacas and llamas are considered livestock by the US government, they will be included in any plans to institute a system. The deadline for comments is exceedingly short, October 3rd, 2004. See below for the actual posting.

Tracy J Miesner, DVM
ICI Associate Director

Notice of Request for Emergency Approval of an Information
Collection - National Animal Identification System [edited]

Federal Register: September 23, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 184) Notices Page 56990-56991 From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Docket No. 04-048-1

Notice of Request for Emergency Approval of an Information Collection
AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
ACTION: New information collection; comment request.

SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, this notice announces that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services has submitted to the Office of Management and Budget a request for emergency review and approval of an information collection associated with a national animal identification system.

DATES: We will consider all comments that we receive on or before October 3, 2004.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send four copies of your comment (an original and three copies) to Docket No. 04-048-1 Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3C71, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your comment refers to Docket No. 04-048-1. E-mail: Address your comment to regulations@aphis.usda.gov. Your comment must be contained in the body of your message; do not send attached files. Please include your name and address in your message and ``Docket No. 04-048-1'' on the subject line. Agency Web Site: Go to http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppd/rad/cominst.html for a form you can use to submit an e-mail comment through the APHIS Web site.

Title: National Animal Identification System.
OMB Number: 0579-XXXX.
Type of Request: Emergency approval of a new information collection.
Abstract: The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates the importation and interstate movement of animals and animal products and conducts various other activities to protect the health of our Nation's livestock and poultry. A national animal identification system, being implemented by USDA at present on a voluntary basis, is intended to identify all livestock, as well as record their movements over the course of their lifespans. USDA's goal is to create an effective, uniform, consistent, and
efficient national system that, when fully implemented, will allow traces to be completed within 48 hours of detection of a disease, ensuring rapid containment of the disease. The purpose of this notice is to solicit comments from the public (as well as affected agencies) concerning our information collection.
These comments will help us:
(1) Evaluate whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Agency, including whether the information will have practical utility;
(2) Evaluate the accuracy of our estimate of the burden of the information collection, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used;
(3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and
(4) Minimize the burden of the information collection on those who are to respond, through use, as appropriate, of automated, electronic, mechanical, and other collection technologies, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Estimate of burden; Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 0.1911198 hours per response. Respondents: State animal health authorities; federally recognized tribal governments; owner/operators of feedlots, markets, buying stations, and slaughter plants; producers; and nonproducer participants, such as accredited veterinarians, animal identification (ID) number managers (individuals or firms responsible for assigning animal ID numbers to producers), animal identification ID companies (companies that manufacture animal identification tags, microchips, or other animal ID devices), third party service providers (companies that provide herd management, dairy herd improvement, genetic evaluation, and other services to producers), and diagnostic laboratories and livestock buyers/dealers who submit data to the national database.

Estimated annual number of respondents: 495,055.
Estimated annual number of responses per respondent: 10.0991.
Estimated annual number of responses: 4,999,610.
Estimated total annual burden on respondents: 505,560 hours. (Due to averaging, the total annual burden hours may not equal the product of the annual number of responses multiplied by the reporting burden per response.)

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

8-23-04 Check the following web


for the transcript of the Colorado Meeting August 10, 2004

only three Colorado Camelid owners testified.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~


USDA National Animal Identification Program

USDA to Hold Listening Sessions on National Animal Identification Program

WASHINGTON, June 10, 2004-The U.S. Department of Agriculture will hold a series of listening sessions across the country to discuss the development, structure and implementation of a national animal identification program for all livestock and poultry animals.

"These sessions will provide public forums to discuss the national animal identification program," said Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs Bill Hawks. "A national animal identification program will help the government and industry more quickly control outbreaks of a variety of animal diseases and reduce the economic impacts on the market."

Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman announced in December 2003 that USDA would expedite the implementation of a national animal identification program. USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has received more than $18 million to begin implementing a national system that will quickly and efficiently traceback diseased or potentially diseased animals. A premise identification system will be completed this summer, which will allow for the beginning of pilot programs to test identification systems.

Check this site for transcripts from listening sessions already held:

The Colorado session is scheduled for:

Tuesday, August 10
Greeley, Colorado
1 p.m. - 3:30 p.m.

Registration for speakers will begin at noon.

Island Grove Regional Park
525 N. 15th Avenue
4-H Building
Greeley, CO 80631
For directions, call (970) 350-9392

This is your chance to have direct input to the USDA prior to the plan being put into writing. At the present time, it is not yet mandatory and the USDA does not yet have the authority to make it so but is expected to ask Congress for that authority. This has far-reaching impact and everyone needs to be aware the subject is under discussion and review; but also know there is a group of llama and alpaca owners working on your behalf. The one point which seems to be agreed upon so far is that if an animal stays on the farm and does not move, it does not require identification.

Traditionally, each person commenting during a hearing is given no more than two or three minutes to comment and any questions they ask or comments they have are addressed at the end of the session. Given that the Colorado session was scheduled to be held on election day, a low turnout for this is possible (but not guaranteed) and the session may not go as long as time was forecast. However, RMLA members wishing to file comments on the ID plan but unable to attend should be aware that although USDA has said they will consider comments filed by e-mail, specific instructions for having these comments included in the Colorado hearing were not provided.

I would appreciate hearing from anyone who plans on attending this hearing in advance. I can be reached via e-mail at
mailto:teri@brokenwindmill.com or via telephone at 303-646-4373.

Teri Nilson Baird

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The South American natives domesticated the llama over 6000 years ago.  They found the llama and packs to be the ideal way to transport goods in the rugged Andes Mountains.  It is interesting that they had no wheel for transport in their culture, but for those who have had the opportunity to visit Peru, Bolivia, Chile or Argentina, it easily understood that a wheeled vehicle might be very difficult to use.  

The robust llama can easily pack 25 to 30 percent of it’s own body weight (70 to 95 pounds).  Careful consideration of the proper pack gear can increase the working power and extend the packing career of a llama.  The special adaptations of the lama foot (a leathery pad and two toe-nails) makes them sure-footed in the most rugged terrain and allows them to have very low impact on fragile trails and alpine areas in comparison to other, traditional pack animals.  With the eyes set on the side of the head and almost no face fiber, the llama has incredible vision, even usually able to see his own hind feet, with only a slight twist of the neck. This make the llama extremely sure footed on narrow trails.  Unlike horses or mules, llamas usually obtain what they need in the way of food, by munching and browsing as they walk.  Their water needs are mostly supplied by dew on the early morning grasses and the occasional stream.  In very fragile environments (desert or very high altitude - timberline areas) packers need to carry additional food and water. It is always a good idea to carry grain or pellets as a treat, or as an enticement if one should get loose from his halter and lead.

Llamas carrying a full pack will follow a person anywhere it is possible to walk.  They are often used by hunters or fishermen to access difficult places. Commercial guide and outfitting services and backcountry use of llamas is growing in North America with the ever-expanding trail systems.  Llamas are used by the U.S. Forest Service and National Park Service for a variety of tasks in managing their lands. Llamas are effective in rescue work, utilizing a small cart, injured people can be brought down quicker, with less energy expended by the rescue team.  Because of the llama’s calm disposition, relatively inexperienced trail maintenance and work crews can safely and efficiently use them to transport tools and material.  They are used for packing trash and human waste from wilderness areas.  Scientists find them ideal for transporting fragile equipment into the backcountry to assist in the collection of data. 

~ ~ ~ ~ ~


See "A Pack Trip in Pictures"

Check the "Planning Events" for planned trips, hikes or classes.
and the Calendar of Events

Check "Commercial Packers" to plan your next exciting adventure with Llamas

Also visit the Service Directory for a list of packers.

Helpful information:  Leave No Trace

Also check out  High Altitude Sickness

See "Environmental aspects of  Camelids"

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