A FEED PROBLEM

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7-1-07

The following web site has the results (history, law suite, etc) for one of the farms affected  by this problem.

http://www.alpacafarm.com/updates.htm

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3-28-03

We are 11 days into the alpaca death outbreak. Thankfully the deaths are
ending. For the most part, the acute toxicity period is ending. We still
have dozens of sick alpacas but things are looking up. We even have two
live crias and both are doing well.

At this time, the only contamination has been the FEB28MAS Land-O-Lakes
Alpaca Supplement. No other Land-O-Lakes product has been found to be
contaminated.

I would like to remind everyone that accidents happen. Land-O-Lakes is
doing what they can to investigate and solve this problem. I would caution
against "bashing" Land-O-Lakes . If you have been happy with Land-O-Lakes  feed in the past,
you can be sure that - as a result of this outbreak - Land-O-Lakes  will be one of
the safest alpaca feeds on the market!



David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University

         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3-25-03

Alpaca Death Outbreak Update


Laboratory testing continues to flow in. Thanks to the expediency of the
University of Illinois Toxicology Laboratory, we now know that the level of
contamination of the Land-O-Lakes Alpaca Supplement is in the range of 200
to 400 ppm salinomycin. This is an extremely high contamination level and
explains why the losses have been so severe.

The number of new cases is dwindling and the number of new deaths is
tapering off. We know that there are between 75 and 100 alpacas dead and
certainly over 1000 effected in some way. We are in the process of talking
with Land-O-Lakes  about supporting some of the research that needs to be
done to study the long-term effects of this intoxication. You can help by
telling Land-O-Lakes  that you would like to see them support this
investigation.

Land-O-Lakes  is continuing to work aggressively to ensure that this type of
accident never happens again! Investigators from the Ohio Department of
Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration are "on the scene" and are
dedicated individuals to try to ensure the health and well being of your
alpacas.

Farms that have fed the FEB28MAS batch of Land-O-Lakes  feed should continue
to monitor their alpacas for weakness, incoordination, flaring of nostrils,
increased effort in breathing, lethargy, reluctance to stand and move
about, and apparent depression. Contact your local veterinarian about
screening your alpacas by running CK levels in blood.

David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University
         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~`

3-21-03   5:20 pm

We have an answer!!

Preliminary testing run at Texas A&M University Diagnostic Toxicology Lab
supports our clinical diagnosis of an ionophore contamination of the
Alpaca feed. We are continuing to see sick / dead alpacas, but all can be
traced to exposure to FEB28MAS Land-O-Lakes  feed. The feed seems to somehow have
been contaminated with SALINOMYCIN - an ionophore used to control coccidia
parasites in poultry and pigs. More on that later......


Dr.s Toni Cotton and Norman Evans have returned early from the Veterinary
Camelid Meeting in Oregon to help out with the crisis. If any farm wishes
to have Norm or Toni come out to the farm to evaluate animals, pull blood
samples to test for toxin insults, etc please feel free to call them at:

Dr. Evans - 270-832-7921
Dr. Cotton - 419-348-3471

We are getting through it. There is light at the end of the tunnel.



David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University
         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~`

 3-21-03   7:04am
I cringe every time I come into the Hospital each morning these days. Never
know what I will find - how many lived, how many died, how many new ones.
Today is a good day!! No new deaths here at the Vet Teaching Hospital but 11 new admissions.
We now have cases from 2 additional farms (total of 4 farms to my knowledge
now) - all feeding Land-O-Lakes FEB28MAS batch of feed.

We seem to be getting on top of the situation. I would like to express to
you all my deepest admiration for the way our Veterinary students are
handling this crisis. These students have risen to the challenge!! They are
exhausted as am I, but today none died and that is fortifying!

One thing - our students often do not get to enjoy the rewards from our
clients. I certainly appreciate all of the words of encouragement from
everyone. I would encourage you to think about our students - maybe send
some cookies (food is always good!), soft drinks, etc. These students are
doing courageous work. Magical Farms had a full dinner catered last evening
for the students and it really boosted MORALE!!!



David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University
         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3-20-03


The rumor mill is flying and I continue to be amazed by the imaginativeness
of information distributed as "facts". Suffice to say if you have not
gotten it directly from me, you can rest assured that I did not say it or
that it did not come from me regardless if my "name" is attached to it.

The epidemiologic investigation of the death outbreaks continue to point to
a contaminated batch of feed. This feed appears to have come from a mill in
Massillon, Ohio and may have been the February 28 batch of Land-o-Lakes
alpaca supplement. The feed tag has the code: FEB28MAS on it. We have no
information to suggest any other batches of Land-O-Lakes  feed or any other camelid
feed of any make are involved.

Rest assured that we are continuing to investigate and that we should have
a definitive answer within the next week. Please try to keep the
unsubstantiated "facts" to a minimum.

Also, I would like to applaud Land-O-Lakes for their aggressive and
up-front involvement in this crisis. They are being every bit a "good
citizen" in trying to solve this issue as to whether the suspect batch of
feed was contaminated or not. Also, I would like to thank the Ohio
Department of Agriculture for their tireless efforts to help solve this
problem.

All of our hearts go out to the farms effected - their animals, staff, and
owners. I am confident that they will weather the storm with equal class
and caring with which they care for their animals and customers.


David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University

         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~`

3-19-03

In Ohio there have recently been some death outbreaks in alpacas. We are
concerned that a particular batch of Land-O-Lakes feed may have been
accidentally contaminated with a substance toxic to alpacas and llamas. The
substance we are most concerned about is an ionophore - possibly lasalosid
or monensin.

It is VERY POSSIBLE that the Land-O-Lakes  feed has nothing what-so-ever to do with
the current problem, but the epidemiology of the outbreak at least suggests
that a batch of feed is associated with the deaths. At this time, we are
recommending that all feeding of Land-O-Lakes  feed be discontinued immediately
until this is figured out. At this time, we have no idea IF it is in fact
the feed. But the epidemiology of the problem seems to point that way.


Land-O-Lakes has been informed and they are aggressively pursuing the feed
analysis to see if there are any problems. They are being good citizens so
let's keep perspective on the problem until we actually have some facts!

Watch animals closely for weakness, increased breathing effort, depression,
etc. MUST be treated very early on!




David E Anderson, DVM, MS
The Ohio State University

         http://www.vet.ohio-state.edu/docs/ClinSci/camelid/index.html
         http://www.internationalcamelidinstitute.org


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